The current medical education in India, though has reoriented itself to a great extent, yet needs a lot of further improvement in it. In past recent years, the health care systems, microeconomic strategies, and the demographic patterns of India have seen a massive change. And, the current medical education has reoriented itself to address the contemporary changes with the help of authorities like ‘The Edinburg Declaration’ of the World Federation of Medical education, WHO, and Tomorrow’s Doctors’ of General Medical Council of UK.
In India, current medical education is thriving at a fast pace and has become a flourishing industry. Indeed, we have more than 500 medical colleges, that accords for the largest number of medical colleges in India. India being the second most populated country in the world, has a massive need for medically trained manpower and resources.On an average, India offers 1 medical seat for every 35,000 MBBS aspirants. There is a high level of competition prevailing in current medical education in India.
The teaching methodology in India is highly traditional and teacher-centred. But, looking at the current medical education needs, an innovative teaching pedagogy is being designed to upgrade the teaching standards. New trends have been incorporated across all medical colleges in India To better equip the young doctors of tomorrow.
Apex bodies in India designing the medical environment
The apex bodies that govern the medical education in India are:
1. The Medical Council of India
2. Dental Council of India
3. Pharmacy council of India
4. National Board of Examination
Today, the usual course of studies followed by medical students is as follows – undergraduate studies, postgraduate studies followed by super-speciality courses. Pursuing a post-graduate course in current medical education in India has become the need of the hour. The employment opportunities generated domestically are for those who hold a post-graduate degree, so, MBBS degree pass-outs find it difficult to find employability.
Super-specialization after MBBS
With the advent of bio-medical sciences, the technology has flawlessly integrated with current medical education in India. With so much specialization happening in the medical field, it is now a compulsion to opt for super-specialization in the chosen field, after completing post-graduation.
Courses offered in medical education
There are many courses offered in medical education in India, which are:
1. MBBS – Bachelor of Science and Bachelor of Surgery: This is one of the most popular courses in India. Those who aspire to become surgeons or practice medicine are required to take an MBBS course.The duration of the course is 5.5 years. NEET, the qualifying MBBS entrance exam is conducted to be eligible to enrol for the medical degree.
2. BDS – Bachelor of Dental Sciences: BDS course is for those who aspire to become an orthodontist and prosthodontist.The duration for this course is for 4.5 years and NEET entrance exam is conducted for the same.
3. BHMS – Bachelor of Homeopathic Medicine and Surgery: This course teaches medical concepts which are used to treat disorders by providing natural cures and remedies.The duration of this course is 5.5 years. NEET and KEAM is the qualifying entrance exam for it.
4. BAMS – Bachelor of Ayurvedic Medicine and Surgery: Ayurvedic science is promoted by the government as AAYUSH. The course is of 5.5 years duration. The current medical education entrance exams conducted are NEET, KLEU, AIET, Assam CCE, TS EAMCET, AP EXAMCET.
5. DHMS – Diploma in Homeopathic medicine and surgery: DHMS is a 4 year course in homeopathic medicine.
6. BUMS – Bachelor in Unani medicine: The graduates of this course are called as Hakims.The course involves the Greek healthcare practices that were followed in the southern part of Asia. The duration of this course is 5.5 years and the entrance exam is NEET and KEAM.
7. B.V Sc. and Animal Husbandry: It is a 5 year course to become a Veterinarian. The entrance exam is NEET and AIPVT.
8. B. Pharma – Bachelor of Pharmacy: The duration of B.Pharma course is 4.5 years. The course is pursued by those who want to start their own pharmacies. The entrance exams for eligibility for this course are AP EAMCET, MHT CET, TS EAMCET, IPU CET, WBJEE, BVP CET.
9. D. Pharma – Diploma in Pharmacy: The duration of D. Pharma course is 2 years and the course is to make the students eligible to work in pharmacies or to work as medical assistants. UPSEE is the medical entrance exam required to clear for eligibility to this medical course.
10. BOT – Bachelor of Occupational Therapy: This course duration is about 4.5 years and it addresses the cures to physical, emotional, mental and neurological disabilities.The NEET entrance exam is needed to qualify for the course.
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