National Testing Agency:
National Testing Agency (NTA) has been established as a premier, specialist, autonomous and self-sustainedtesting organization to conduct entrance examinations for admission/fellowship in higher educational institutions.
To assess competence of candidates for admissions and recruitment has always been a challenge in terms of matching with research based international standards, efficiency, transparency and error free delivery. The National Testing Agency is entrusted to address all such issues using best in every field, from test preparation, to test delivery and to test marking.
NTA will work with Government of India, UGC, AICTE, IITs, Universities, School Boards and state governments for research and develop tests for effective assessment of people. When fully operational, NTA will develop, administer and mark about 150 lakh candidates annually across the country and abroad in more than 500 cities and 5000 test centres.
Union Ministry of Human Resourses Development (HRD) has announced that two of India’s most popular competitve exams, Joint Entrance (JEE) Main and National Eligibility and Entrance Test (NEET), will now be held twice a year and over multiple days. Both exams will be conducted by newly formed National Testing Agency (NTA). It will also conduct National Eligibilty Test (NET).
Engineering – Joint Entrance Examination
Pharmacy – Graduate Pharmacy Aptitude Test
Medical – National Eligibility Cum Entrance Test
College/University Teaching & Fellowship – UGC National Eligibility Test
Management – Central Management Aptitude Test
As per the NTA 2019 Latest News, The High Level Committee has recommended to MHRD that National Testing Agency/ NTA will not declare the Ranking of the candidates in competitive exams.
By holding these competitive professional career exams twice a year, students will not lose one year because there will be two examinations before admission. This will give students more choice and reduce stress due to single exam conducted on one single day in year. This will give more chances to students, thereby giving adequate opportunity to bring out his/her best.
NTA Board Members
The Government of India ordered the appointment of NTA Board Members. IAS Vineet Joshi will be the First Director General (DG) of NTA. Former CBSE Chairperson Vineet Joshi will head the National Testing Agency responsible for conducting entrance examinations previously conducted by CBSE, AICTE, and other bodies. The Chief Executive Officer (CEO) will be the DG of NTA and government will appoint him.
3 Type of Team NTA:
NTA will have a team of education administrators, experts, researchers and assessment developers who believe that scientifically designed and properly delivered assessments can improve teaching learning processes in Indian class rooms.
• Researchers, Statisticians and Psychometricians
• Test Item Writers
• Education Policy Specialists
1. Researchers, Statisticians And Psychometricians
NTA has six operational verticals pertaining to various examinations. Every vertical will employ about 6 researchers including internationally best experts of psychometrics and statistics.
The group of researchers will be responsible for the following-
• Define and update purpose of assessment and match the purpose with requirement of admitting program
• Research and analysis to support the examinations they are entrusted with
• Ideate for future assessment practices
The group of psychometricians and statisticians will be responsible for the following-
• Reliabilityof the test in different versions to be used
• Validityof the test by showing that the test measures the traits, knowledge or skills that it is intended to measure
• Fairness of the test by ensuring that no group of students is either advantaged or disadvantaged due to medium of examination or content of the questions
• Equating multiple tests that will be done during a year so that these tests become comparable
NTA will set professional standards for assessments in the country, research on education and professional development.
Since India is a hugely diverse country, NTA will effectively liaise with various state governments, universities, state education boards, UGC, AIU, NCTE, NCERT, CBSE, CISCE, NIOS etc. to understand student’s abilities and higher education institution’s requirements.
2. TEST ITEM WRITERS
NTA will create a pool of highly professional subject matter experts who will be trained by the psychometricians and statisticians. These subject matter experts will write items for NTA and using software/ artificial intelligence, the NTA will create tests.
Initially, the tests of NTA will come under the following categories:
Entrance Examinations – JEE (Main), NEET – UG, CMAT, GPAT
Assessments For Fellowship – UGC – NET
Assessments For Teaching Certification – CTET
In future, NTA will also undertake other tests to measure specific population’s content knowledge and skills.
3. Education Policy Specialists
NTA will have a huge data of student performance, with various other demographic parameters across subject areas. NTA will analyse this data to inform the policymakers about the corrective measures required for improving teaching and learning.
• NTA will, inter alia, report on-
• in-depth analysis of educational achievement across States and achievement gap
• teacher quality and certification
• Time series comparison of performance across states
• Inputs on student and teacher training needs
• educational reform
NTA 2019 Official Notification
The Official Notification of NTA 2019 Exam is reported by Press Information Bureau (PIB), Govt. of India. National Testing Agency (NTA) initially conduct those entrance examinations which are currently held by the Central Board of Secondary Education (CBSE). NTA 2019 Official Notification.
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